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First Aid merit badge


First aid – caring for injured or ill persons until they can receive professional medical care – is an important skill for every Scout. With some knowledge of first aid, a Scout can provide immediate care and help to someone who is hurt or who becomes ill. First aid can help prevent infection and serious loss of blood. It could even save a limb or a life.


1. Demonstrate to your counselor that you have current knowledge of all first-aid requirements for Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class ranks.

2. Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance from:

a. Your home

b. A remote location on a wilderness camping trip

c. An activity on open water

3. Define the term triage. Explain the steps necessary to assess and handle a medical emergency until help arrives.

4. Explain the standard precautions as applied to the transmission of infections. Discuss the ways you should protect yourself and the victim while administering first aid.

5. Do the following:

a. Prepare a first-aid kit for your home. Display and discuss its contents with your counselor.

b. With an adult leader, inspect your troop’s first-aid kit. Evaluate it for completeness. Report your findings to your counselor and Scout leader

6. Describe the early signs and symptoms of each of the following and explain what actions you should take:

a. Shock

b. Heart attack

c. Stroke

7. Do the following:

a. Describe the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on a person. Then demonstrate proper CPR technique using a training device approved by your counselor.

b. Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). Identify the location of the AED at your school, place of worship, and troop meeting place, if one is present.

8. Do the following:

a. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone who has a large open wound or cut that is not bleeding severely.

b. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone who has a large open wound or cut that is severely bleeding.

c. Explain when it is appropriate and not appropriate to use a tourniquet. List some of the benefits and dangers of the use of a tourniquet.

d. Describe the proper application of a tourniquet.

9. Explain when a bee sting could be life threatening and what action should be taken for prevention and for first aid.

10. Do the following:

a. Describe the signs and symptoms of an open or closed fracture or dislocation.

b. Explain what measures should be taken to reduce the likelihood of further complications of fractures and dislocations.

11. Demonstrate the proper procedures for handling and immobilizing suspected closed or open fractures or dislocations of the

a. Forearm
b. Wrist
c. Hand and Fingers
d. Upper leg
e. Lower leg
f. Ankle

12. Describe the signs and symptoms, proper first-aid procedures, and possible prevention measures for the following conditions::

a. Anaphylaxis/allergic reactions
b. Asthma attack
c. Bruises
d. Sprains or strains
e. Hypothermia
f. Frostbite
g. Burns—first, second, and third degree
h. Concussion
i. Convulsions/seizures
j. Someone who is unconscious
k. Dehydration
l. Muscle cramps
m. Heat exhaustion
n. Heat stroke
o. Abdominal pain
p. Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth

13. Do the following:

a. Describe the conditions under which an injured person should be moved.

b. If a sick or an injured person must be moved, tell how you would determine the best method. Demonstrate this method.

c. With helpers under your supervision, improvise a stretcher and move a presumably unconscious person.

14. Teach another Scout a first-aid skill selected by your counselor.


The First Aid merit badge pamphlet and the new interactive digital merit badge pamphlet are filled with resources to help you learn about first aid. Here is a sample of what you can find in those pamphlets:

How to Treat a Nosebleed

How to Treat Cuts and Scrapes

How to Assemble a Troop or Family First Aid Kit
This video can help you get started with requirement 2d.

How to Treat Burns
This video can help you get started with requirement 5f.

How to Do the Firefighter’s Carry
This video can help you get started with requirement 6a.

How to Do the Four-Handed Seat Carry
This video can help you get started with requirement 6a.