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How to Carve the Perfect Pumpkin

SAFETY FIRST: Ask an adult to help with tools you haven't used before.


Most of the year, Mike Valladao designs software in San Jose, Calif. But for six weeks each fall, he dons bright-orange overalls and transforms himself into “Farmer Mike, World-Class Pumpkin Carver.”

Building on his first instruction in carving years ago with his trusty blue Cub Scout pocketknife, Farmer Mike has developed a style that has him in demand for carving demos across the nation.

“Carving great pumpkins is a craft, not an art,” Farmer Mike says. “A craft means you know how to use the tools.”

And it means you, too, can learn it. Here’s how, straight from Farmer Mike.


• If you want your Jack-O-Lantern to have character, start with a pumpkin that already has character. An elongated pumpkin is perfect for a laughing face; a short, fat pumpkin could lend itself to a wide toothy grin. Bumps on the surface might turn into a nose or warty chin.

• Choose a pumpkin in good condition. The entire surface should be firm.


• Draw a pattern directly on the pumpkin. Let the shape be your guide. A long pumpkin deserves a long face. Some pumpkins work better upside down. “Move it around and create the best effect,” Farmer Mike says.

• Use two felt-tipped pens, one a water-based temporary marker, the other permanent. The water-based pen is erasable and will allow you to modify your design.

• With the water-based pen, draw a line down the center of the face. This will help you to stay balanced. Mark the position of the nose a little below the middle of your line. Then mark a line for the height of the eyes. Determine the width of the eyes and make your marks. (The great artist Leonardo da Vinci believed the centers of the eyes and the center of the nose should form a perfect triangle.)

• Draw out the eyes and nose. Overdo the features — a large flat nose will show better than a small one. Draw the mouth and eyebrows. Complete the rest of the features, including wrinkles. Play with it until you are satisfied. When finished, redraw over your creation with the permanent marker. Wipe off your temporary marks with a damp cloth.

• Clean out your pumpkin — the messy part! If you plan to light the pumpkin with a candle, cut a hole in the top (to allow heat and smoke to escape) and take out the insides with a spoon. If you do not plan to light the pumpkin, you can cut a hole in the back where it will not be seen.


• Use as much depth as possible without needlessly cutting through the pumpkin. To do this you need to know the thickness of the pumpkin. Cut a core sample from an area that will not be seen—the center of one eye, if you plan to leave it open, or the inside of the mouth). Note that the thickness can vary from one part of the pumpkin to another. Inspect the inside to see if there are thin spots.

• Carve using a “chip” method. The base of the nose is a logical place to start because the nose requires depth around it so it can look as though it is protruding from the face. Without cutting all the way through the rind, use in-and-out movements to create a cut around the outline of the nose. Then, angle in with a second cut (about three-quarters of an inch to the outside of the first cut) to notch out a wedge around the bottom of the nose. If done correctly, the wedge will fall out without leaving a hole in the pumpkin.

• Once the outline of the nose is exposed, cut off the orange rind and begin giving the nose its shape. Gently taper the bridge of the nose back into the head. Nostrils can be cut clear through the shell. Create freckles by leaving small circles of orange rind while removing the surrounding areas.

• Cut the holes for the inside of the eyes and mouth. Leave the teeth intact. Later you can give shape to the teeth by cutting off the rind to recess them back from the lips and into the mouth. Continue with the cheeks, round the lips and finish the rest of the face.

• Set the eyes back into the pumpkin a little to make the face look more lifelike.

• Attempt to blend the features together and make any required changes. Give the pumpkin worry lines and wrinkles. Cut eyeballs from the back of the pumpkin to place in the eye sockets with toothpicks, or use “googlie eyes” from a craft store.


• Display your carved pumpkin in a cool, dry location to make it last as long as possible—four to seven days is a long time.

• A candle or light bulb inside the pumpkin may add a great effect, but it will reduce the carving to mush in a matter of hours instead of days.

• Take plenty of photos.



Get even more tips from Scouter John Points from Tulsa, Oklahoma.


Want to have the coolest pumpkin on the block? Here are templates for carving a jack-o’-lantern featuring Pedro the Mailburro and Pee Wee Harris. Just print them out, tape them to your pumpkin and cut out the black parts. And don’t forget to send us photos!



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57 Comments on How to Carve the Perfect Pumpkin

  1. EG Cub Scout // October 2, 2014 at 6:35 pm // Reply


  2. he really used a lot of detail on that and a lot of time of experience probably. looks great!

  3. comeplayminecraft // October 27, 2013 at 10:14 am // Reply

    What kind of light did he use? It had a great effect.

  4. second class // October 16, 2013 at 5:03 pm // Reply

    that looks hard

  5. I grow pumpkins in a box so they’re square and then I use them to make creeper faces.

  6. the Big Puchino // October 30, 2012 at 2:23 pm // Reply

    Purty cool 😀

  7. Those pumpkins look awesome! I wish I could carve like that 🙁

  8. That looks so cool!!!! 😀

  9. THAT IS SO AWESOME! I could never do that.

  10. How do you come up with your designs?

  11. idontknowwhoiam // October 25, 2012 at 7:56 pm // Reply

    That’s just experience!

  12. sillysnickers5000 // October 25, 2012 at 6:00 pm // Reply

    That’s possible with a pumpkin so awsome!!!!!!!!!!!!:o:)

  13. that is awesome

  14. that is awesome

  15. I really didnt think that was possible to make a pumpkin so awesome!!!

  16. We cut out bottom of pumpkin when we carve them – easier to get out the guts and then you set the pumpkin over the candle instead of burning yourself when lighting the candle.

  17. Doble doble doble awesome pumpkin

  18. Im going to carve three pumpkins this year and some day I want to be as good as you beacause your awesome

  19. 🙂 doubly awesome!!!

  20. Your pumpkins are amazingly awesome.

  21. amazing

  22. cool scouter // November 9, 2010 at 5:36 pm // Reply

    WOW!! :O 🙂 😀

  23. that is awsume

  24. super awesome

  25. What kind of knife do you use?

  26. two thumbs up

  27. fishinglover // October 22, 2010 at 8:59 pm // Reply

    i can’t even carve like that!!!!!!!!!!!!! :O 🙂 😛 😉 😐

  28. cool im going to carve 2 pumpkins this year with my dads help and i want to be that good some day

  29. that’s awsome! I saw him at the Texas State fair last week.

  30. nice!

  31. Our class really enjoyed this article!

  32. epic 🙂

  33. Boys' Life Rocks // October 7, 2010 at 5:26 pm // Reply



  35. anonymousperson // November 1, 2009 at 7:25 am // Reply

    That guy is AMAZING!!!

  36. troop212pones // October 31, 2009 at 4:40 pm // Reply

    that’s awesome!!!!!!!!!

  37. That’s totally interesting and AWESOME!!!

  38. it probably looks alot easier than it actually is

  39. secondclassman // October 29, 2009 at 7:07 am // Reply

    that’s awsome

  40. it is fun carveing pumpkins.

  41. the terminator // October 25, 2009 at 2:48 pm // Reply

    you rock farmer mike!!!

  42. awesome, cant’t belive it!

  43. thats pretty cool


  45. That is so big that i want one so bad! Can you teach me please who ever made this pumpkin! IT IS THE BEST PUMKIN IVE EVER SEEN!

  46. that is the cooolist thing since sliced pumpkins

  47. BSA Troop 271 kid // October 19, 2009 at 3:32 pm // Reply

    Wow. I don’t like reading websites much, but the videos helped me out

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