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How to Carve the Perfect Pumpkin

SAFETY FIRST: Ask an adult to help with tools you haven't used before.


Most of the year, Mike Valladao designs software in San Jose, Calif. But for six weeks each fall, he dons bright-orange overalls and transforms himself into “Farmer Mike, World-Class Pumpkin Carver.”

Building on his first instruction in carving years ago with his trusty blue Cub Scout pocketknife, Farmer Mike has developed a style that has him in demand for carving demos across the nation.

“Carving great pumpkins is a craft, not an art,” Farmer Mike says. “A craft means you know how to use the tools.”

And it means you, too, can learn it. Here’s how, straight from Farmer Mike.


• If you want your Jack-O-Lantern to have character, start with a pumpkin that already has character. An elongated pumpkin is perfect for a laughing face; a short, fat pumpkin could lend itself to a wide toothy grin. Bumps on the surface might turn into a nose or warty chin.

• Choose a pumpkin in good condition. The entire surface should be firm.


• Draw a pattern directly on the pumpkin. Let the shape be your guide. A long pumpkin deserves a long face. Some pumpkins work better upside down. “Move it around and create the best effect,” Farmer Mike says.

• Use two felt-tipped pens, one a water-based temporary marker, the other permanent. The water-based pen is erasable and will allow you to modify your design.

• With the water-based pen, draw a line down the center of the face. This will help you to stay balanced. Mark the position of the nose a little below the middle of your line. Then mark a line for the height of the eyes. Determine the width of the eyes and make your marks. (The great artist Leonardo da Vinci believed the centers of the eyes and the center of the nose should form a perfect triangle.)

• Draw out the eyes and nose. Overdo the features — a large flat nose will show better than a small one. Draw the mouth and eyebrows. Complete the rest of the features, including wrinkles. Play with it until you are satisfied. When finished, redraw over your creation with the permanent marker. Wipe off your temporary marks with a damp cloth.

• Clean out your pumpkin — the messy part! If you plan to light the pumpkin with a candle, cut a hole in the top (to allow heat and smoke to escape) and take out the insides with a spoon. If you do not plan to light the pumpkin, you can cut a hole in the back where it will not be seen.


• Use as much depth as possible without needlessly cutting through the pumpkin. To do this you need to know the thickness of the pumpkin. Cut a core sample from an area that will not be seen—the center of one eye, if you plan to leave it open, or the inside of the mouth). Note that the thickness can vary from one part of the pumpkin to another. Inspect the inside to see if there are thin spots.

• Carve using a “chip” method. The base of the nose is a logical place to start because the nose requires depth around it so it can look as though it is protruding from the face. Without cutting all the way through the rind, use in-and-out movements to create a cut around the outline of the nose. Then, angle in with a second cut (about three-quarters of an inch to the outside of the first cut) to notch out a wedge around the bottom of the nose. If done correctly, the wedge will fall out without leaving a hole in the pumpkin.

• Once the outline of the nose is exposed, cut off the orange rind and begin giving the nose its shape. Gently taper the bridge of the nose back into the head. Nostrils can be cut clear through the shell. Create freckles by leaving small circles of orange rind while removing the surrounding areas.

• Cut the holes for the inside of the eyes and mouth. Leave the teeth intact. Later you can give shape to the teeth by cutting off the rind to recess them back from the lips and into the mouth. Continue with the cheeks, round the lips and finish the rest of the face.

• Set the eyes back into the pumpkin a little to make the face look more lifelike.

• Attempt to blend the features together and make any required changes. Give the pumpkin worry lines and wrinkles. Cut eyeballs from the back of the pumpkin to place in the eye sockets with toothpicks, or use “googlie eyes” from a craft store.


• Display your carved pumpkin in a cool, dry location to make it last as long as possible—four to seven days is a long time.

• A candle or light bulb inside the pumpkin may add a great effect, but it will reduce the carving to mush in a matter of hours instead of days.

• Take plenty of photos.



Get even more tips from Scouter John Points from Tulsa, Oklahoma.


Want to have the coolest pumpkin on the block? Here are templates for carving a jack-o’-lantern featuring Pedro the Mailburro and Pee Wee Harris. Just print them out, tape them to your pumpkin and cut out the black parts. And don’t forget to send us photos!



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6 Comments on How to Carve the Perfect Pumpkin

  1. very good pumpkin

  2. This looks awsome to bad some people can’t get a pumpkin this year

  3. First Class Scout, Wandering North American Grizzly Bear Patrol, Troop 427 // October 31, 2014 at 9:32 am // Reply

    These are really great demonstrations on how to carve a pumpkin for Halloween. For Halloween of 2014’s Trick or Treating celebrations, I think that I am going to put on my Boy Scout “Class A” uniform and instead of wearing my troop’s neckerchief and slide, I am going to wear either a dark brown long tie or a milk chocolate brown colored long tie and wear my boy scout campaign hat (Boy Scout “Smokey the Bear” hat) and carry a long handled ranger’s shovel with me and go trick or treating as “Smokey the Bear”. I purchased a one-hundred fifty-seven (157 pounds) pound “Big Max” variety pumpkin from a “Pick-Your-Own” Pumpkin Farm’s pumpkin fields at about twelve [12 cents per sixteen ounces (one pound)] cents per pound of pumpkin. Happy Halloween of 2014 on Friday, October 31, 2014!

  4. First Class Scout, Circling, Soaring and Diving Wyoming Vampire Bat Patrol, Troop 1854 // October 30, 2014 at 7:08 pm // Reply

    These are really great demonstrations on how to carve a pumpkin for Halloween. For Halloween’s Trick or Treat Celebrations, I think that I will put on my camouflage pants, my camouflage shirt, my camouflage hat, grin from ear to ear, carry my harmonica with me and my commercial grade potato peeler and a wet mop with me and go trick or treating as “Private Gomer Pyle, United States Marine Corps”. Happy Halloween of 2014 on Friday, October 31, 2014!

  5. Gota do that fast!!! Tomorrow is halloween.

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